Relations between psychometric profiles and cardiovascular autonomic regulation in physical education students.
Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007; 99(6):615-22 (ISSN: 1439-6319)
Nuissier F; Chapelot D; Vallet C; Pichon A
Laboratoire des Réponses Cellulaires et Fonctionnelles à l'Hypoxie, UFR SMBH, STAPS, Université Paris 13, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017 Bobigny Cedex, France. email@example.com
This study was designed to investigate physical education (PE) students the link between mood disturbances, caused by psychological or physical stressors associated with studying, and the autonomic nervous system modifications. PE students completed the profile of mood state (POMS) questionnaire at the end of the university year. Heart rate variability (HRV) was then measured during a head-up tilt test (HUT) in those with the highest and lowest total mood disturbance (TMD) scores on three successive POMS. Among the 218 students who completed the POMS (85 female and 137 male), 65 had high TMD scores, suggesting mood disturbances and fatigue. The final sample included 12 subjects in the potentially overtrained (POT) group and 16 subjects in the control (CTL) group. A greater decrease of two indices of the autonomic system (SD1 and RMSSD) was observed during the HUT in the POT than in the CTL group (P < 0.05). The depression (Dep) and vigor (Vig) subscales of POMS were correlated with several HRV indices. More specifically, in the POT group, the Vig score was correlated with autonomous activity in the supine position, and the Dep score with percentages of change of sympatho-vagal activity during the HUT. This suggests that (1) POT students could present a weaker autonomic response to HUT, (2) Dep and Vig subscales of the POMS questionnaire may indicate autonomic dysregulations.